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Etching 35 Near Jundicuara  from Martius's Flora Brasiliensis 1840. Thanks to Lehigh U., Special Collections ! Color by C. Miranda Chor

#35 Near Jundicuara, an estate in the district of Ubatuba, between Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.

Latin translation by Ben Hennelly

Benjamin Mary, our illustrator, was held for several days on the estate of Jundicuara, on the border of the provinces of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, by the extraordinary magnificence and luxuriant growth of the Serra do Mar's forests near the ocean, which we tried to adorn with our friend's praises in describing etching #34. He asserted that the lifetime of no artist would suffice for him to fix, as it were in a picture, the simply outstanding and amazing features that the plant life exhibits here -----remarkable for its incessant and untiring exertions in procreation. Therefore, he tried to represent only in general, the beautiful character of the trees and bushes, and likewise the splendid nature of the regions, without giving laborious care to particulars. The picture is, in a certain way, another life of the whole forest, full of natural vitality. 

Etching #35 shows the edge of a primeval forest, such as very often appears in these lands right in the vicinity of the estates, whose buildings are erected either in a cleared section of forest or in a natural meadow. Trees several centuries old stand thick, rising up 60 to 80 feet, and together with the bushes interspersed among them form an almost impenetrable wall. A small river slips forward, between its low banks of sandy mud, out from the deeper shadows of the forest. There is a simple bridge over it, made from just a few beams; this kind of bridge -- called a Pinguela -- is more common in these impassable regions than bridges put together from stones. The sun's brilliant light, entering from the forest's edge, now illuminates the fully cloaked bushes and the tree peaks in an astonishing manner, and now increases the darkness of the shadows. One viewing the picture sees first on the left, in the water, a certain Nymphaea that bears white flowers, the Aguape of the inhabitants. One Nymphaea ampla  from Martius's Flora Brasiliensis 1840. Thanks to Lehigh U., Special Collections ! sees on the other bank a shrub with enormous leaves and branches that hang out over the stream. Benj. Mary called it Solanum. Behind it rises a palm, perhaps Euterpe edulis, though its trunk usually ascends not straight as in the etching, but with curves. 

Another tall and thickly foliated tree, which Benj. Mary called Louro, might be considered Cordia or Gerascanthus, by which name in any case several species of this genus are known there. Among these Passifloreae and Cucurbitaceae creep up high. To the right in front is a Begonianoteworthy for its fat rhizome and large leaves. The tree crosswise over the river is from the Urticeae, either Pharmacosycea or Urostigma.The thinness of its greenery, as well as the multitude of pseudo-parasites from the OrchideaeCactaceaeBromeliaceaeAroideae, and further a bush of a true parasite, Coussapoa perhaps, seem to indicate the old and already withering age of the tree. From the shrubs behind this tree hang down wreaths of Mikania, so closely woven together that they prohibit entrance into the forest.

Etching commentary #35